Animals is the wild
1-Which animals have scales?
-Lizards, crocodiles, fish,..
2-Which animals have fur?
– Rabbits, cats , dogs,..
3-What are birds covered in?
4-Mention two animals that have adapted to extreme heat and extreme cold.
-Sand cats have adapted to the heat in Egypt.
-Polar bears have adapted to the extreme cold of the North Pole area.
5-How are the mountains in Sinai different from the Egyptian desert?
-They are sometimes covered in snow; but the desert is very hot.
6-Why do sand cats have thick fur on their feet?
-To protect them from the hot sand.
7-Why don't sand cats need to find water?
-Because they get moisture from their prey.
8-Why don't we often see sand cats?
-Because they sleep underground during the day and only come out to hunt at night.
9-Where do polar bears live?
-On the ice around the North Pole.
10-How do polar bears keep warm?
-Their thick skin and fur keep them warm.
11-How do polar bears catch their prey?
-Through holes in the ice.
12-Polar bears have an incredible sense of smell. Explain.
-They can smell their prey as far as 16 kilometres away.
13-How fast can polar bears run?
-They can run faster than 50 kilometres an hour.
14-What does " orangutan" mean?
-The wild man of the forest.
15-Where do orangutans live?
-In the rainforests of Borneo.
16-When and where do orangutans sleep?
-They sleep all night in nests up in trees which they make from branches.
17-Why do orangutans sometimes hold leaves over their heads?
-To protect themselves from the rain.
18-What does the lion look like?
-It looks like a very large cat covered in white, yellow or orange fur.
19-Where do lions live?
-They live in eastern and southern Africa, northern India, on the edge of deserts or in forests.
20-How have lions adapted to their environment?
-They use the open space to catch their prey. They have sharp teeth and they can run fast.(80 km an hour)
21-Do you like the lion? Why? Why not?
-Yes, I like the lion because they are very proud animals. It is a sociable animal because it lives in groups.
-No, I don't like the lion because it is a very dangerous animal. It eats meat of other large animals and people.
22-Where are crocodiles found?
-They are found in hot countries. They live in rainforests. They have dangerous animals because they have sharp teeth.
23-How have mountain goats adapted to their environment?
-They have thick fur to keep warm and strong legs to walk on steep slopes.
1-What is a/an(axe/hammer/knife/cooking pot/mirror/rope/)used for?
-An axe is used for cutting wood.
-A hammer is used for hitting nails into wood.
-A knife is used for cutting things or as a weapon for protection.
-A cooking pot is used for cooking food.
-A mirror is used for sending signals to ships.
-A rope may be used to build a boat to escape from the island.
2-What do you know about Daniel Defoe?
-He was born in London in 1660. His father was a butcher. He started his newspaper in 1704. He died in 1731.
3-What do you know about his family?
-His wife was Mary Tuffley and they had two sons and seven daughters.
4-What do you know about Robinson Crusoe?
-He was a sailor who had many exciting adventures.
5-Did his parents want him to be a sailor?
6-When did he leave England? How?
-In 1651 on a ship.
7-What happened to him during his voyage?
-He was shipwrecked on a desert island because of a terrible storm.
8-What happened to the other sailor?
-They all died but Robinson Crusoe was the only survivor.
9-What did he save from the ship before it sank?
-He saved tools, guns and other useful things.
10-What did Robinson Crusoe do on the island?
-He built a safe home, hunted animals and grew crops.
11-Who were his friends?
-A bird and some cats.
12- Why did Robinson Crusoe feel lonely?
-Because he was the only human being on the island.
13-How did Robinson Crusoe know that there was another person on the island?
-He a human footprint in the sand.
14-What did he discover?
-He discovered that people from the mainland sometimes visited the island and killed their prisoners there.
15-What do you know about Friday?
-He was one of the prisoners who was able to escape and stayed with Robinson Crusoe, who called him Friday.
16-What did Robinson Crusoe teach Friday?
-He taught him a few words of English.
17-How were Robinson Crusoe and Friday saved?
-An English ship arrived and took them off the island.
18-How were Robinson Crusoe and Friday rewarded for saving more people?
-They returned to England on an English ship.
19-Why was Robinson Crusoe a rich man in London?
-Because of the successful business he had started years ago.
20-When did he sail back to the island for the last time?
-After his wife's death.
21-How did he find the islanders?
-They were living happy, successful lives there.
22-How long did the journey take?
-From 1659 to 1686. (27 years)
23-Who helped Robinson to grow more food?
-Friday and the other prisoners
24-What is the moral of this story?
-Patient and kind people will be rewarded.
25-What did Crusoe learn from his time on the island?
-Patience and self-reliance. Hunting and growing crops.
People at work
1-What does a baker do?
-He makes bread and cakes for sale.
2-Why does a baker turn on the oven immediately on getting to work?
-So that when the bread is ready, the ovens are the right temperature.
3-Want does a cleaner do?
-He cleans the floors and the toilets and empties all the bins.
4-What does a fireman do?
-He puts out fires. He goes to road accidents, especially where people have to be cut out of their vehicles.
5-Why doesn't a fireman think of danger when he is working?
-Because he is too busy rescuing people.
6-What does a flight attendant do?
-He gets passengers drinks and serves food.
7-What does the flight attendant dislike?
-He dislikes staying in hotels in other countries.
8-What does a carpenter do?
-He makes and repairs wooden objects like doors, windows, tables, chairs and floors.
9-Who does Leila work for?
-She works for One World Travel company.
10-Why did Leila apply for this job?
-Because she wanted to work for a modern company that works with foreign companies. The company offers her training.
11-What qualifications did Leila need for her job?
-Secondary Education Certificate.
12-What training did she need? Why?
-She needed a language course to improve her English and how to use the internet.
13-Why is it important for someone in a travel company to speak English well?
-Because English is an international language and millions of people speak it all over the world.
14-What did Leila do at first?
-She found out what other people in the company did.
15-What does Leila do now?
-She writes letters and e-mails, answers phone calls and sometimes translate letters.
16-How do you think Leila uses the internet in her work?
-To book flights and other travel reservation.
-To find accommodation.
-To research holiday destinations and tourist attractions.
17-Talk about the importance of the internet.
-It can help people with their education.
-It can provide us with recent information.
-It saves time, effort and money.
18-In which job do you need to know your city well?
19-In which job you need to be able to work in the school holiday?
20-How old should a lifeguard be?
-16 or older.
1-Mention some wild animals.
-sand cats, lions, elephants, tigers, polar bear,…
2-Mention some domestic animals.
-donkeys, horses, dogs, cats, cows,…
3-How can we protect wild animals from being died out?
-By keeping them in a zoo.
4-Why do you think some animals are found only in certain places?
-Because they have adapted to live in these places.
5-Can we learn anything from animals?
-Yes. We can learn team work by watching, e.g. ants; about the patience of animals with their young/when catching prey; the strength and stamina of e.g horses and camels.
6-Which animals are particularly useful to humans?
-Guide dogs for the blind, horses and camels for carrying thinks, cows for milk,…
7-How and where do red kangaroos live?
-They live alone or in small groups in the dry areas in the centre of Australia.
8-What are kangaroos famous for?
-They are famous for the way they move as they don't walk or run but jump using their powerful back legs.
10-What have scientists discovered about the way they move?
-Scientists have discovered kangaroos use less energy when they are moving fast than when they are moving slowly.
11-Why don't kangaroos need to drink for long periods of time?
-Because they get moisture from the grass and the plants they eat.
12-"Kangaroos are marsupials" What does this mean?
-This means that their babies grow in a pouch.
13-What does a pouch mean?
-It is a kind of bag at the front of kangaroos mothers' body.
14-What are the joeys?
-They are baby kangaroos.
15-What are joeys fed on?
-On their mothers' milk.
16-Kangaroos are mammals not reptiles animals. Explain.
-They are mammals because they give birth to a baby and feed it on milk.
17-How do kangaroos stop themselves from falling?
-Using their huge tails.
18-What is strange about the kangaroos legs?
-The front legs are short but the back legs are powerful, long and large.
19-Why did the hunters put ropes round the lion?
-So that the lion couldn't escape.
20-Who set the lion free? How?
-The mouse. The mouse bit the ropes.
21-What does this story teach us?
-little friends can be great friends.
1-What were the Seven Wonders of the ancient world?
1-They are the pyramids at Giza
2-The lighthouse at Alexandria.
3-The Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
4- The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
5- The Statue of Zeus at Olympia.
6- The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
7-The Colossus of Rodes.
2-Mention some modern inventions.
-The computer, the internet, the x-rays, the radio, the television, space travel and new ways of farming.
3-How were computer in the past?
-They were more expensive and bigger than they are now.
4-How are computer today?
-They are cheap, available and portable.
5-How do you think the computer can do work?
-It can do very fast and very accurately.
6-How is computer widely used today?
-There are millions of computers in offices and homes across the world. Many ordinary people have one or more computers connected by the internet to shops, banks and offices.
7-How can people make use of the internet?
-People can do shopping, pay their bills and do studying, and doing many other things by computer.
8-How do medical advances help people?
-They have made people's lives much healthier and happier. Doctors could find cures for some incurable diseases.
9-How was the invention of X-rays helpful to doctors?
-It helps doctors to see what is happening inside our bodies.
10-Talk about the importance of space travel.
-It enables people to explore the universe. It has made the world a smaller place.
11-What do planes cause?
-They cause air and noise pollution.
12-What is the benefit of the radio?
-You can get news from all over the world in different languages.
13-What are the disadvantages of the radio?
-Sometimes it can be difficult to find a station. It's sometimes difficult to hear clearly unless you have an expensive radio.
14-What are the advantages of television?
-Television teaches people new things. It shows them places they will never visit. It brings them the latest news.
15-What are the disadvantages of television?
-Watching too much television wastes time and results in poor eyesight. It introduces much violence. It also makes people lazy.
16-Why do farmers use new ways of farming?
-To produce better food.(crops)
17-What new ways of farming are there that help produce better food?
-They are: disease-resistant crops – more intensive use of land – better irrigation
18-What does "better food" mean?
-It means food that is more nutritious/healthy.
19-How many pyramids are there in Egypt?
-More than 90 pyramids.
20-During what months were the pyramids built? Why?
-Between July and November. Because the land was under water and the farmers couldn't work in their fields.
21-How did they get the huge pieces of stone up the pyramids?
-They built ramps up the sides of the pyramids and pulled the stones up the ramps.
22-Why do you think they wanted the pyramids to shine brightly?
-To attract people's attention.
23-What can we learn from people in the past?
-We can learn patience, loyalty, co-operation and hard work. We can learn that many things are possible even without modern technology.
24-What do you think will be the wonders of the future world?
-space stations, robots,..
1-When and where was Verne born?
-In 1828. In a port called Nantes in northern France.
2-When did he die?
3-Why was Verne interested in travel and exploration?
-Because Nantes was always busy with ships coming and going.
4-How do you know that Verne was interested in travel and exploration?
-When he was young, he wanted to travel so much that he hid on a ship as it was leaving Nantes for America.
5-What did Verne study after leaving school?
-He studied to be a lawyer.
6-Why did Verne's father stop for paying for his son's studies?
-Because Verne spent a lot of time writing stories about fantastic journeys.
7-How many books did Verne write every year?
8-Mention some of Verne's stories?
- His first story, which was called Five Weeks in a Balloon, came out in 1863.
His most well-known book, that he wrote in 1873, was Around the World in Eighty Days. It first came out in a magazine.
His last novel came out after his death. It was called The Lighthouse at the End of the World.
9-Why did Verne write stories?
-To earn money to live on.
10-Why do many people call him the "father of science fiction"?
-Because he wrote about air travel, space travel and submarines before planes, rockets or submarines were used.
11-Where and when does the story" Around the World in Eighty Days" begin?
-In a London club on October 2, 1872.
12-Who are the main characters?
-Phileas Fogg. A rich man.
-Passeparout. Fogg's servant.
-Fix. A policeman
-Aouda. A young woman who was saved by Fogg and Passepartout.
13-What will happen if Fogg succeeds in his journey?
-He will win £ 20,000.
14-What is the condition to win the bet?
-They will have to return at the same time on December 21.
15-What does Fogg's friend think?
-Fogg can't finish the journey in 80 days. Fogg won't win the bet.
16-When do they reach Suez?
-They reach Suez after seven days.
17-What happens in Suez?
-They meet Fix. Fix is a policeman who thinks that Fogg is the criminal he is looking for. The three men travel to Bombay by ship, then to Calcutta by train.
18-Why do they need to travel part of the way by elephant?
-Because the railways line isn't finished.
19-What happens during their journey?
-They save a young woman called Aouda from death and she goes with them on their journey.
20-What happens in Calcutta ?
- They travel by ship to Hong Kong, then across the Pacific to San Francisco.
21-How do they travel from San Francisco to New York?
22-What happens to passepartout during the journey to New York?
-He was kidnapped.
23-Who saves Passepartout?
24-How do they ravel from New York to Liverpool?
-On a boat.
25-What does Fix do after reaching Britain?
-Fix arrests Fogg. He quickly realizes that Fogg is not the real criminal.
26-What do they think after missing their train to London?
-They think they lost a day and so lost the money.
27-How did they save a day?
-Because they had traveled east, they had crossed the International Date line.
28-Who discovered that? What was the result?
-Passepartout. Fogg won the bet.
29-What do you think Fogg and Passepartout enjoy most during their journey?
-Meeting new people. Seeing wonderful places.
30-Talk about the relation between Fogg and Passepartout.
-Fogg was a good master because he rescued Passepartout when he was kidnapped as a result they got to New York late and missed their boat to Liverpool.
-Passepartout was a good and faithful servant because he trusted his master and he didn't help Fix to arrest him.
1-What do these words mean( a phobia-dizzy-panic-irrational-fear-therapist)?
-A phobia : a strong unreasonable fear or hatred of a particular thing.
-Dizzy: feeling that you are losing your balance.
-Panic : sudden strong feeling of fear or anxiety.
-Irrational : not using reason or clear thinking.
-Fear : the feeling you get when you are afraid something bad will happen.
-Therapist : someone whose job is to do a particular type of therapy (treatment of a
mental or physical illness)
2-How are phobias different from fears?
-A phobia is stronger than a fear, and is irrational.
3-How can phobias affect people's lives?
-They make them frightened to do normal things.
4-Why don't persons with phobias panic?
-Because they feel in control of the situation with the help of the therapist.
5-What happens if someone loses control of the situation?
-He may feel panic.
6-Why do some persons with phobias need medicine?
-To help them relax before treatment.
7-How can treatment be done?
-It can be done individually or in groups.
8-Why do you think it takes a few sessions for patients to realize they don't need to be afraid?
-Because it takes time to build up their confidence in the therapist and the methods.
9-How can a computer programme help patients with phobias?
-The patient is put into a virtual situation with the thing he/she fears.
10-What happens after the patients with phobias have a few sessions?
-They realize that the thing they are afraid of can't hurt them.
11-What is the role of the therapist in the treatment?
-He should remain calm and help the patient to relax.
12-Mention some kinds of phobias.
-Heights, spiders, insects, mice, snakes, flying, the dark, exams,….
13-How many students suffer from exam phobia?
-About fifty percent of all students.
14-Why is it important to sleep well before an exam?
-Because you will probably worry more if you are tired.
15-How do you think of people with phobias?
-They are abnormal patients and need medical treatment.
1-Who invented the radio? When?
-The radio was invented by Marconi in 1894.
2-Why is it an important invention?
-You can listen to, music, educational programmes and news from all over
the world in all the languages of the world.
3-Who invented the television?
-The television was invented by Baird in 1923.
4-Why is it an important invention?
-You can enjoy watching different programmes. We can see what is happening.
5-Where does Hong Kong lie?
-It lies in the South China Sea.
6-How big is Hong Kong?
-It is 1098 sq. km.
7-What does Hong Kong consist of?
-It consists of four main islands and 260 other small islands.
8-What is Hong Kong best known for?
-It is well known for as a shopping centre and for its markets.
-It has good environment, quiet parks, beaches and mountains.
-It is a successful financial and trade centre.
9-How was Hong Kong from 1842 to 1997?
-It was a British colony.
10-What are the two most important languages?
-Chinese and English.
11-Why do you think Europeans and Japanese people live in Hong Kong?
Because it is a successful financial and trade centre.
12-What are the advantages of living in a society with many different nationalities living together?
-You learn about different styles, food, cultures and languages.
13-What kind of buildings do you think most people live in Hong Kong?
-I think they live in skyscrapers as it is overcrowded.
14-Why is it surprising that Hong Kong has quiet parks?
-Because there are so many people living in such a small area, you would think it would be too noisy to have quiet parks.
15-How is Hong Kong important to China as the Suez Canal in Egypt?
-As many of China's exports to other countries pass through it.
The global village
1-What are satellites?
-They are devices which orbit the earth.
2-What are communication satellites used for?
-Communication satellites are used for sending television pictures and phone calls.
3-What are navigation satellites used for?
-Navigation satellites "sat-nav" can help car drivers and pilots to know exactly where they are. It helps you to avoid traffic jam.
4-What are weather forecasting satellites used for?
-Weather forecasting satellites have made it easier to forecast the weather accurately, and to warn people about forest fires or floods. They can help us to find water under the ground.
5-What does using satellites to transmit television pictures mean?
-People all over the world can watch programmes from other countries.
6-Who needs accurate weather forecasts?
-Farmers, sailors, fishermen, pilots,….
7-How can students make use of satellite TV channels?
-They can watch the educational programmes.
8-How are satellites phones better than mobile phones?
-Because they can be used in places with no radio signals.
9-What are the advantages of satellites TV?
-It gives people more programmes to choose from.
10-What are the disadvantages of satellites TV?
-Some of the programmes are poor quality. People may spend much time watching TV.
1-What do you know about Sherlock Holmes?
-He was a fictional detective who was invented by the writer, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
2-Where/When did Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr Watson live?
-At 221 Baker Street. They lived there between 1881 and 1894. Now it is Sherlock Holmes's Museum.
3-When was the house built?
-It was built in 1815.
4-Who was Mrs Hudson?
-She was Holmes and Watson's landlady.
5- What was the character based on?
-A doctor who once helped the writer.
6-Who visits it now?
-Million of Sherlock Holmes's fans from all over the world.
7-Who protects the house?
8-Where were many crimes studied and solved?
-On the first floor of the house.
9-Where was Dr Watson's bedroom?
-It was on the second floor, at the back.
10-Where was Mrs Hudson's room?
-It was on the second floor, at the front.
11-Where can you see models of famous scenes from Holmes's stories?
-On the third floor.
12-Why was it impossible to go up the third floor?
-Because it was being decorated.
13-Why did Mr Mortimer visit Sherlock Holmes?
-He wanted his advice before he went to see his friend Sir Henry Baskerville.
14-Who was Sir Henry Baskerville?
-He was the last member of the Baskerville family.
15-What was Sir Henry Baskerville going to inherit?
-He was going to inherit his family home, in the west of England.
16-Why was Mr Mortimer worried about Sir Henry?
-Because there was an old legend about a wild dog called "the Hound of Baskerville.
17-What is a Hound?
-It is a hunting dog.
18-What does this legend say?
-It says that this dog will kill anyone called Baskerville.
19-What happened to Sir Charles Baskerville?
-He was found dead in his garden with a terrified expression on his face. Near to his body, there were footprints of an enormous dog. He had no physical injuries.
20-Why do you think Sir Charles had a terrified expression on his face?
-Because he was very frightened when he died.
21-What did Holmes do?
-He went to Baskerville to investigate.
22-Who was the criminal?
-Stapleton, a cousin of Baskerville.
23-Why did he commit his crimes?
-To inherit the family house.
24-How do you think Stapleton make use of the legend?
-He used a hound dog to kill the first person it saw as he did feed it. (it was very hungry)
25-How did Holmes and Watson solve the crime?
-They shot the dog and Stapleton drowned while trying to escape.
26-Why do you think Conan wanted to be a doctor?
-His father was a doctor.
-He wanted to help sick people, especially in countries where there were few doctors.
Holidays with a difference
1-How are James and his family going to spend their summer holiday?
-They are going diving in the Red Sea for five days.
2-How long are they going to stay in Greece? With whom?
-For a fortnight. With his aunt and uncle.
3-Where do James's aunt and uncle work?
-They work for a dolphin conservation society in Greece.
4-What is James looking forward to doing?
-Seeing dolphins in the wild.
5-Who is Helen going to India with? Why?
-With an organization called Global Challenge with her elder brother. To help old people or work with children.
6-What are Global Challenge Holidays?
-They are adventure holidays that also help communities.
7-What happens before young people go on Global Challenge Holidays?
-The friendly instructors will train them.
8-Where does James Hammond come from?
-He is from Australia.
9-Why did James Hammond think life would be difficult in the Indian village?
-Because there was no television and a strange language.
10-What did he do there?
-He helped in a home for children with disabilities.
11-How did he enjoy his time there?
-His instructor Michael took them for a day sailing on the Indian Ocean.
12-Why does the Egyptian Tortoise need help?
-Because it is very rare and people are building on many of the places where it usually lives.
13-What did Olivia do to help the tortoise?
-She joined a tortoise conservation society which has been finding new, safe homes for them to live in.
14-What does Olivia like in Egypt?
-She likes the Mediterranean coast and its wonderful climate.
15-How do people communicate if they don't speak each other's languages?
-They can point to things, use gestures or a translator,…
16-Did Prince Charles and Camilla visit only Egypt in 2006?
-No, they went to other countries in the Middle East.
17-Why was their hotel unusual?
-Because it had no electricity. It's environmentally friendly. It serves locally-grown food.
18-Where is that unusual hotel?
-On the edge of the Sahara Desert.
19-Why did Prince Charles stay out of the sun? Where was he?
-To keep cool. He was in Siwa.
20-What did Prince Charles and Camilla do in Cairo?
-They went to an animal hospital. They visited Al-Azhar University.
1-Who was James Moore?
-He was an 18-years old boy from England who went on an Global Challenge Holiday To Cuzco in Peru where he spent four weeks.
2-Where did he work for the first two weeks?
-In an old people's home where he had to make the beds, clean the rooms and cook food.
3-What did he do for the last two weeks?
-He joined a group and walked along the Inca Trail from Cuzco to Machu Picchu the ancient Inca city.
4-What did he see during walking along Inca Trail ?
-He saw many wonderful sights.
5-What did he like most there?
-He liked working there besides talking to the old people about their lives.
6-What could you learn from the old people?
-You could learn about past traditions, history, interesting stories,…
7-How did James Moore feel after finishing his holiday?
-He was so happy that he wanted to return there again next year.